The ELL Teacher's Toolbox: Hundreds of Practical Ideas to Support Your Students

RRP - $57.95   Our Price - $54.95  Paperback
Add to cartQuestions?

Larry Ferlazzo, Katie Hull Sypnieski

  • The ELL Teacher's Toolbox
  • The ELL Teacher's Toolbox
    A practical, valuable resource for teachers of English Language Learners. Packed with innovative, research-based strategies.

544 pages
2018
ISBN: 9781119364962

Practical strategies to support your English language learners.

The ELL Teacher’s Toolbox is a practical, valuable resource to be used by teachers of English Language Learners, in teacher education credential programs, and by staff development professionals and coaches. It provides hundreds of innovative and research-based instructional strategies you can use to support all levels of English Language Learners. 

Written by proven authors in the field, the book is divided into two main sections: Reading/Writing and Speaking/Listening. Each of those sections includes "Top Ten" favourites and between 40 and 70 strategies that can be used as part of multiple lessons and across content areas.

  • Contains 60% new strategies
  • Features ready-to-use lesson plans
  • Includes reproducible handouts
  • Offers technology integration ideas

The percentage of public school students who are English language learners grows each year and with this book, you'll get a ton of fresh, innovative strategies to add to your teaching arsenal.

Table of Contents

About the Authors xxix

Acknowledgments xxxi

Introduction 1

I Reading and Writing 3

  1. Independent Reading 5
    • What Is It? 5
    • Why We Like It 5
    • Supporting Research 5
    • Common Core Connections 6
    • Application 6
    • Selecting Books 6
    • Student-Teacher Check-Ins 7
    • Writing and Talking About Books 7
    • Publishing Student Successes 8
    • Working with Students Not Literate in Their Home Language 8
    • Student Handouts and Examples 9
    • What Could Go Wrong? 9
    • Technology Connections 9
    • Attribution 10
    • Figures 10
    • Figure 1.1 End-of-Quarter Reading Reflection 10
    • Figure 1.2 My Year of Reading Visual Project 11
    • Figure 1.3 My Year of Reading Student Example 11
  2. Literary Conversations 13
    • What Is It? 13
    • Why We Like It 13
    • Supporting Research 13
    • Common Core Connections 14
    • Application 14
    • Book Trailers 14
    • Book Talks 15
    • Partner Reading 15
    • Book Interviews 16
    • Golden Lines 16
    • Creative Response Prompts 16
    • Student Handouts and Examples 17
    • What Could Go Wrong? 17
    • Technology Connections 18
    • Attribution 18
    • Figures 19
    • Figure 2.1 Book Trailer 19
    • Figure 2.2 Book Talk 20
    • Figure 2.3 Partner-Reading Instructions 21
    • Figure 2.4 Book Interview 22
  3. Graphic Organizers 23
    • What Is It? 23
    • Why We Like It 23
    • Supporting Research 24
    • Common Core Connections 24
    • Application 24
    • Reading 24
    • Writing 25
    • Student Handouts and Examples 27
    • What Could Go Wrong? 27
    • Technology Connections 28
    • Attribution 28
    • Figures 29
    • Figure 3.1 Narrative Word Chart 29
    • Figure 3.2 Identifying Words While Reading 30
    • Figure 3.3 Five Senses Chart 30
    • Figure 3.4 Five Senses Chart Student Example 31
    • Figure 3.5 Setting 32
    • Figure 3.6 Main Characters 33
    • Figure 3.7 Supporting Characters 34
    • Figure 3.8 Theme 35
    • Figure 3.9 Conflict Map 36
    • Figure 3.10 Story Events 37
    • Figure 3.11 Dialogue 38
    • Figure 3.12 Write Your Story 39
  4. Vocabulary 41
    • What Is It? 41
    • Why We Like It 42
    • Supporting Research 42
    • Common Core Connections 43
    • Application 43
    • Four Words Sheet 43
    • Word Chart 43
    • Teaching New Words During Reading 44
    • Academic Vocabulary 44
    • Clines 45
    • Word Webs 46
    • Interactive Word Wall 46
    • Cognates 48
    • From Clues to Words 48
    • Student Handouts and Examples 49
    • What Could Go Wrong? 49
    • Technology Connections 49
    • Attribution 50
    • Figures 51
    • Figure 4.1 Four Words Sheet 51
    • Figure 4.2 Question and Sentence Starters List 52
    • Figure 4.3 Narrative Word Chart 53
    • Figure 4.4 Identifying Words While Reading 54
    • Figure 4.5 Clines 55
  5. Activating Prior Knowledge 57
    • What Is It? 57
    • Why We Like It 58
    • Supporting Research 58
    • Common Core Connections 58
    • Application 58
    • KWL Charts 59
    • Anticipation Guides 59
    • Multimedia 59
    • Quick writes 60
    • Preparatory Texts 60
    • Field Trips—Real or Virtual 60
    • Student Handout and Example 61
    • What Could Go Wrong? 61
    • Technology Connections 61
    • Figure 62
    • Figure 5.1 Anticipation Guide 62
  6. Sequencing 65
    • What Is It? 65
    • Why We Like It 65
    • Supporting Research 66
    • Common Core Connections 66
    • Application 66
    • Strip Stories 66
    • Sentence Scrambles 68
    • Comic Strips 68
    • Student Handouts and Examples 68
    • What Could Go Wrong? 69
    • Technology Connections 69
    • Attribution 69
    • Figures 70
    • Figure 6.1 First Day of School Strip Story (Student Handout) 70
    • Figure 6.2 First Day of School Strip Story (Teacher Answer Key) 71
    • Figure 6.3 Mexico Strip Story (Student Handout) 72
    • Figure 6.4 Mexico Strip Story (Teacher Answer Key) 73
    • Figure 6.5 Strip Story Instructions 74
  7. Clozes 75
    • What Is It? 75
    • Why We Like It 75
    • Supporting Research 75
    • Common Core Connections 76
    • Application 76
    • Student Handouts and Examples 78
    • What Could Go Wrong? 78
    • Technology Connections 79
    • Attribution 79
    • Figures 80
    • Figure 7.1 Cloze with No Answers Shown—Jobs (Student Handout) 80
    • Figure 7.2 Cloze with No Answers Shown—Jobs (Teacher Answer Key) 80
    • Figure 7.3 Cloze with No Answers Shown—Art and Music (Student Handout) 80
    • Figure 7.4 Cloze with No Answers Shown—Art and Music (Teacher Answer Key) 81
    • Figure 7.5 Cloze with Word Bank—Helen Keller (Student Handout) 81
    • Figure 7.6 Cloze with Word Bank—Helen Keller (Teacher Answer Key) 82
    • Figure 7.7 Cloze with Word Bank at End of Sentences—Cesar Chavez (Student Handout) 82
    • Figure 7.8 Cloze with Word Bank at End of Sentences—Cesar Chavez (Teacher Answer Key) 83
    • Figure 7.9 Cloze with Letter Blanks—Juan and Maria (Student Handout) 83
    • Figure 7.10 Cloze with Letter Blanks—Juan and Maria (Teacher Answer Key) 83
    • Figure 7.11 Cloze with No Blanks—US History (Student Handout) 84
    • Figure 7.12 Cloze with No Blanks—US History (Teacher Answer Key) 85
    • Figure 7.13 Persuading My Parents Cloze and Mimic Write 85
    • Figure 7.14 Persuading My Parents (Student Sample) 86
    • Figure 7.15 Instructions for Making a Cloze 86
  8. Language Experience Approach (LEA) 87
    • What Is It? 87
    • Why We Like It 87
    • Supporting Research 87
    • Common Core Connections 87
    • Application 88
    • Student Handout and Example 89
    • What Could Go Wrong? 89
    • Technology Connection 90
    • Attribution 90
    • Figure 90
    • Figure 8.1 Language Experience Approach Model 90
  9. Jigsaw 91
    • What Is It? 91
    • Why We Like It 91
    • Supporting Research 91
    • Common Core Connections 92
    • Application 92
    • Beginners and Low-Intermediates 92
    • High-Intermediates and Advanced 94
    • Student Handouts and Examples 96
    • What Could Go Wrong? 96
    • Technology Connections 96
    • Attribution 97
    • Figures 97
    • Figure 9.1 Driver's License Jigsaw 97
    • Figure 9.2 Driver's License Activity 98
    • Figure 9.3 Nina's Break-In Part 1: Jigsaw 99
    • Figure 9.4 Nina's Break-In Part 2: Questions About the Story 100
    • Figure 9.5 Nina's Break-In: How to Use This Jigsaw 101
    • Figure 9.6 Student Jigsaw Instructions 102
  10. Reading Comprehension 103
    • What Is It? 103
    • Why We Like It 104
    • Supporting Research 104
    • Reading Strategies 104
    • Read Alouds and Think Alouds 105
    • Close Reading 105
    • Common Core Connections 105
    • Application 105
    • Reading Strategies 105
    • Read Alouds and Think Alouds 107
    • Whole-Class Readings 108
    • Close Reading 113
    • Student Handouts and Examples 117
    • What Could Go Wrong? 117
    • Technology Connections 117
    • Attribution 118
    • Figures 119
    • Figure 10.1 Reading Strategies Word Chart 119
    • Figure 10.2 Think Aloud Example 120
    • Figure 10.3 Benefits of Reading Data Set 121
    • Figure 10.4 “What People Say About” Graphic Organizer 122
  11. Inductive Learning 123
    • What Is It? 123
    • Why We Like It 123
    • Supporting Research 124
    • Common Core Connections 124
    • Application 124
    • Picture Word Inductive Model (PWIM) 124
    • Text, Phonics, and Picture Data Sets 126
    • Concept Attainment 128
    • Student Handouts and Examples 129
    • What Could Go Wrong? 129
    • Technology Connections 129
    • Attribution 130
    • Figures 130
    • Figure 11.1 A Man in the Kitchen 130
    • Figure 11.2 Kitchen Picture Cloze Sentences 131
    • Figure 11.3 International New Year's Traditions Data Set (for Intermediates) 132
    • Figure 11.4 John F. Kennedy Data Set (for Intermediates) 133
    • Figure 11.5 Seasons of the Year Data Set (for Beginners) 134
    • Figure 11.6 Data Set Instructions 134
    • Figure 11.7 Page from Sounds Easy! Phonics, Spelling, and Pronunciation Practice 135
    • Figure 11.8 Concept Attainment Example on Adjectives and Periods 136
    • Figure 11.9 Concept Attainment Example on Has and Have 136
  12. Concept Attainment—Plus! 137
    • What Is It? 137
    • Why We Like It 137
    • Supporting Research 137
    • Common Core Connections 137
    • Application 138
    • Student Handouts and Examples 139
    • What Could Go Wrong? 139
    • Technology Connections 139
    • Figures 140
    • Figure 12.1 Student Example and Correction 140
    • Figure 12.2 Student Annotation of Mistakes 141
    • Figure 12.3 Teacher Mimic Write of Student Mistakes 142
    • Figure 12.4 Teacher Mimic Write with Student Corrections 143
    • Figure 12.5 Student Writing Prompt and Response 144
  13. Sentence Navigators and Sentence Builders 145
    • What Is It? 145
    • Why We Like It 145
    • Supporting Research 145
    • Common Core Connections 146
    • Application 146
    • Student Handouts and Examples 147
    • What Could Go Wrong? 147
    • Technology Connection 147
    • Attribution 147
    • Figures 148
    • Figure 13.1 Model Sentence Navigator Answering Questions 148
    • Figure 13.2 Blank Sentence Navigator Answering Questions 149
    • Figure 13.3 Blank Sentence Navigator for Any Sentence 150
  14. Writing Frames and Writing Structures 151
    • What Is It? 151
    • Why We Like It 151
    • Supporting Research 152
    • Common Core Connections 152
    • Application 152
    • Writing Frames 152
    • Writing Structures 153
    • Student Handouts and Examples 155
    • What Could Go Wrong? 155
    • Technology Connections 156
    • Attribution 156
    • Figures 156
    • Figure 14.1 George Washington Writing Frame 156
    • Figure 14.2 Mexico Writing Frame 157
    • Figure 14.3 Mexico Writing Structure 158
    • Figure 14.4 ABC Writing Structure 159
    • Figure 14.5 PEE Writing Structure 160
    • Figure 14.6 RACE Writing Structure 161
    • Figure 14.7 AREE! Writing Structure 162
    • Figure 14.8 AREE! Writing Structure Teaching Grid 163
  15. Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing 165
    • What Is It? 165
    • Why We Like It 165
    • Supporting Research 166
    • Common Core Connections 166
    • Application 166
    • Quoting 166
    • Summarizing 167
    • Paraphrasing 168
    • Student Handouts and Examples 170
    • What Could Go Wrong? 170
    • Technology Connection 170
    • Figures 171
    • Figure 15.1 Summarizing Examples 171
    • Figure 15.2 Concept Attainment Paraphrasing 1 172
    • Figure 15.3 Concept Attainment Paraphrasing 2 173
    • Figure 15.4 Paraphrase Sheet 174
  16. Cooperative Writing 175
    • What Is It? 175
    • Why We Like It 175
    • Supporting Research 176
    • Common Core Connections 176
    • Application 176
    • Cooperative Drawings 176
    • Chain Stories 177
    • Cooperative Storytelling 178
    • Sticky Chats 179
    • What Could Go Wrong? 180
    • Technology Connections 180
    • Attribution 181
  17. Using Photos or Other Images in Reading and Writing 183
    • What Is It? 183
    • Why We Like It 183
    • Supporting Research 184
    • Common Core Connections 184
    • Application 184
    • Slideshow Annotation 184
    • Close-Read Photos and Other Images 184
    • Unveiling Parts of an Image 185
    • Writing Captions and Cloze Captions 185
    • Compare and Contrast 186
    • Picture Story 187
    • Student Handouts and Examples 187
    • What Could Go Wrong? 187
    • Technology Connections 188
    • Attribution 188
    • Figures 189
    • Figure 17.1 Slideshow Notes 189
    • Figure 17.2 Examining an Image 190
    • Figure 17.3 Examining an Image (for Intermediates) 191
  18. Writer's Notebook 193
    • What Is It? 193
    • Why We Like It 193
    • Supporting Research 194
    • Common Core Connections 194
    • Application 194
    • Getting Started 194
    • How Students Use Them 196
    • How Teachers Use Them 197
    • Student Handouts and Examples 197
    • What Could Go Wrong? 197
    • Technology Connection 198
    • Attribution 198
    • Figures 198
    • Figure 18.1 Student Example of a Heart Map 198
    • Figure 18.2 Prompts for Responding to My Reading 199
  19. Error Correction Strategies 201
    • What Is It? 201
    • Why We Like It 201
    • Supporting Research 202
    • Common Core Connections 203
    • Application 203
    • Concept Attainment and Concept Attainment Plus 203
    • Games 203
    • Encourage a Growth Mind-Set 204
    • Giving Individual Feedback 204
    • What Could Go Wrong? 205
    • Technology Connections 205
    • Attribution 205
  20. Revision 207
    • What Is It? 207
    • Why We Like It 207
    • Supporting Research 208
    • Common Core Connections 208
    • Application 208
    • Student Handout and Example 210
    • What Could Go Wrong? 210
    • Technology Connections 210
    • Figure 212
    • Figure 20.1 Peer Review Sheet 212
  21. Problem-Posing 213
    • What Is It? 213
    • Why We Like It 213
    • Supporting Research 213
    • Common Core Connections 214
    • Application 214
    • Student Handout and Example 217
    • What Could Go Wrong? 217
    • Technology Connections 218
    • Attribution 218
    • Figure 219
    • Figure 21.1 Problem-Posing Graphic Organizer 219
  22. Micro-Progressions 221
    • What Is It? 221
    • Why We Like It 221
    • Supporting Research 222
    • Common Core Connections 222
    • Application 222
    • Student Handouts and Examples 225
    • What Could Go Wrong? 225
    • Attribution 225
    • Figures 226
    • Figure 22.1 Micro-Progression—Claim and Evidence 226
    • Figure 22.2 Micro-Progression—Predictions 226
  23. Learning Games for Reading and Writing 227
    • What Is It? 227
    • Why We Like It 227
    • Supporting Research 228
    • Common Core Connections 228
    • Application 228
    • Nine Box Grid 228
    • Phonic Darts 229
    • Fill-in-the-Blank 229
    • Flyswatter Game (with or Without Flyswatters) 230
    • Name It 231
    • Round-and-Round She Goes 231
    • Writing Bingo 231
    • Sentence Scrambles 232
    • Academic Language Sentences 233
    • Pictionary 234
    • Team-Writing Sentences 234
    • Hangman 234
    • Categories 235
    • What Doesn’t Belong? 235
    • Student Handouts and Examples 235
    • What Could Go Wrong? 235
    • Technology Connections 236
    • Attribution 238
    • Figures 238
    • Figure 23.1 Nine Box Grid with Health Care Words Example 238
    • Figure 23.2 Nine Box Grid Template 239

II Speaking and Listening 241

  1. Dictation 243
    • What Is It? 243
    • Why We Like It 243
    • Supporting Research 243
    • Common Core Connections 243
    • Application 244
    • Paired Dictation 244
    • Dictogloss (and Variations) 244
    • Picture Dictation 246
    • Information Gap 246
    • What Could Go Wrong? 247
    • Technology Connections 247
    • Attribution 248
  2. Conversation Practice 249
    • What Is It? 249
    • Why We Like It 249
    • Supporting Research 249
    • Common Core Connections 250
    • Application 250
    • Dialogues 250
    • 3–2-1 251
    • Ask-Answer-Add 252
    • Conversation Cheat Sheets 253
    • Self-Assessment 253
    • Student Handouts and Examples 253
    • What Could Go Wrong? 254
    • Technology Connections 254
    • Attribution 254
    • Figures 255
    • Figure 25.1 Holiday Dialogue 255
    • Figure 25.2 Dialogue Scramble 255
    • Figure 25.3 Dialogue Scramble (Teacher Answer Key) 256
  3. Total Physical Response (TPR) 257
    • What Is It? 257
    • Why We Like It 257
    • Supporting Research 257
    • Common Core Connections 257
    • Application 258
    • TPR Extension Activity 258
    • What Could Go Wrong? 259
    • Technology Connections 259
    • Attribution 260
  4. Music 261
    • What Is It? 261
    • Why We Like It 261
    • Supporting Research 261
    • Common Core Connections 262
    • Application 262
    • Typical Sequence 262
    • Topical Projects 265
    • Personalized Song Lessons 266
    • Chants 267
    • Student Handouts and Examples 267
    • What Could Go Wrong? 267
    • Technology Connections 268
    • Attribution 268
    • Figures 269
    • Figure 27.1 Song Lyric Analysis Sheet 269
    • Figure 27.2 My Favorite Song 271
    • Figure 27.3 Information Chants 273
  5. Using Photos or Other Images in Speaking and Listening 275
    • What Is It? 275
    • Why We Like It 275
    • Supporting Research 275
    • Common Core Connections 276
    • Application 276
    • Photo Collages 276
    • Back and Forth 276
    • If Animals or Inanimate Objects Could Talk 277
    • Student Handout and Example 277
    • What Could Go Wrong? 277
    • Technology Connections 277
    • Attribution 277
    • Figure 278
    • Figure 28.1 Back-and-Forth Page 278
  6. Video 279
    • What Is It? 279
    • Why We Like It 279
    • Supporting Research 280
    • Common Core Connections 280
    • Application 280
    • Guidelines 280
    • Typical Sequence 281
    • Back to the Screen 283
    • Sequencing 283
    • True or False 284
    • Pause and Predict 284
    • How-To Videos 285
    • Student Handouts and Examples 285
    • What Could Go Wrong? 285
    • Technology Connections 285
    • Attribution 286
    • Figures 287
    • Figure 29.1 Video Thinking Sheet 287
    • Figure 29.2 Pause and Predict Sheet 288
  7. Oral Presentations 289
    • What Is It? 289
    • Why We Like It 289
    • Supporting Research 289
    • Common Core Connections 290
    • Application 290
    • Guidelines 290
    • Teaching Presentation Skills 292
    • Short Presentations 294
    • Long Presentations 298
    • Student Handouts and Examples 300
    • What Could Go Wrong? 300
    • Technology Connections 300
    • Attribution 301
    • Figures 302
    • Figure 30.1 Presentation Peer Evaluation Rubric 302
    • Figure 30.2 Speaking Dos and Don’ts 303
    • Figure 30.3 Listening Dos and Don’ts 303
    • Figure 30.4 Talking Points PresentationModel and Outline 304
    • Figure 30.5 Top Five Outline 306
    • Figure 30.6 Home Culture Planning Sheet 307
    • Figure 30.7 Sentence Stems for Oral Presentations 308
    • Figure 30.8 Oral Presentation Feedback Form 309
  8. Listening 311
    • What Is It? 311
    • Why We Like It 311
    • Supporting Research 312
    • Common Core Connections 312
    • Application 312
    • The Why and the How: Listening Benefits and Metacognitive Listening 312
    • Listening Language Frames 314
    • More Listening Ideas 314
    • Student Handouts and Examples 316
    • What Could Go Wrong? 316
    • Technology Connections 316
    • Attribution 317
    • Figures 317
    • Figure 31.1 Listening Practice Sheet 317
    • Figure 31.2 Listening Frames 318
    • Figure 31.3 Sample Dialogue 319
  9. Debate 321
    • What Is It? 321
    • Why We Like It 321
    • Supporting Research 321
    • Common Core Connections 322
    • Application 322
    • Student Handout and Example 324
    • What Could Go Wrong? 324
    • Technology Connection 324
    • Figure 325
    • Figure 32.1 Debate Language 325
  10. Learning Games for Speaking and Listening 327
    • What Is It? 327
    • Why We Like It 327
    • Supporting Research 327
    • Common Core Connections 328
    • Application 328
    • Nine Box Grid 328
    • Answer—Question 328
    • Letter Scavenger Hunt 329
    • Sound Effects 330
    • Guess the Word 330
    • Telephone 330
    • Running Dictation 331
    • Student Handout and Example 331
    • What Could Go Wrong? 331
    • Technology Connections 331
    • Attribution 332
    • Figure 332
    • Figure 33.1 Nine Box Grid 332

III Additional Key Strategies 333

  1. Differentiation for ELLs in Mainstream Classes 335
    • What Is It? 335
    • Why We Like It 336
    • Supporting Research 336
    • Common Core Connections 336
    • Application 336
    • Dos and Don’ts 336
    • Newcomer in Class 340
    • What Could Go Wrong? 342
    • Technology Connections 343
    • Attribution 344
  2. Supporting ELL Students with Interrupted Formal Education (SIFEs) 345
    • What Is It? 345
    • Why We Like It 346
    • Supporting Research 346
    • Common Core Connections 346
    • Application 346
    • Online Support 346
    • Phonics Instruction 347
    • Home Language Instruction 347
    • Encouragement, Patience, and Support 347
    • What Could Go Wrong? 348
    • Technology Connections 349
  3. Culturally Responsive Teaching 351
    • What Is It? 351
    • Why We Like It 352
    • Supporting Research 352
    • Common Core Connections 352
    • Application 352
    • How Well Do I Know My Students? 352
    • Do My Words Reflect a Culturally Responsive Mind-Set When I Am Talking to Students and About Students? 353
    • How Are My Instructional Practices Culturally Responsive? 354
    • How Is the Curriculum I Am Using Culturally Responsive? 355
    • What Could Go Wrong? 356
    • Technology Connections 356
  4. Peer Teaching and Learning 359
    • What Is It? 359
    • Why We Like It 359
    • Supporting Research 359
    • Common Core Connections 359
    • Application 360
    • Empathy Project 360
    • Peer Tutoring 361
    • Peer Mentoring 362
    • Sister Classes 362
    • Everyone Is a Teacher 363
    • Student Handouts and Examples 364
    • What Could Go Wrong? 364
    • Technology Connections 364
    • Attribution 365
    • Figures 366
    • Figure 37.1 Personal Story Outline 366
    • Figure 37.2 Story Sharing 367
    • Figure 37.3 Writing Prompt: Building Empathy 368
    • Figure 37.4 Story-Sharing Listening Chart 369
    • Figure 37.5 Peer Mentor Guidelines 370
    • Figure 37.6 Everyone Is a Teacher Poster 371
    • Figure 37.7 Everyone Is a Teacher Goal-Setting Chart 372
    • Figure 37.8 Student Example of Goal-Setting Chart 373
  5. Co-Teaching 375
    • What Is It? 375
    • Why We Like It 375
    • Supporting Research 375
    • Common Core Connections 376
    • Application 376
    • Co-Teaching Don’ts and Dos 376
    • Technology Connection 378
    • Attribution 378
  6. Working with Parents and Guardians 379
    • What Is It? 379
    • Why We Like It 379
    • Supporting Research 380
    • Common Core Connections 381
    • Application 381
    • Communicating with Parents 381
    • Supporting Parents 382
    • Inviting Families to Participate in Classroom Learning 383
    • What Could Go Wrong? 383
    • Technology Connections 384
    • Attribution 384
  7. Learning Stations 385
    • What Is It? 385
    • Why We Like It 385
    • Supporting Research 385
    • Common Core Connections 385
    • Application 386
    • What Could Go Wrong? 387
    • Technology Connection 388
  8. Beginning the School Year 389
    • What Is It? 389
    • Why We Like It 389
    • Supporting Research 389
    • Common Core Connections 390
    • Application 390
    • Greeting Students 390
    • Student Names 391
    • Course Expectations Activity 391
    • Letter Exchange 391
    • Partner Introductions 392
    • Student Handouts and Examples 395
    • What Could Go Wrong? 395
    • Technology Connections 395
    • Attribution 396
    • Figures 396
    • Figure 41.1 Course Expectations 396
    • Figure 41.2 Course Expectations Questions 398
    • Figure 41.3 Partner Introductions 399
    • Figure 41.4 My Summer 400
  9. Ending the School Year 401
    • What Is It? 401
    • Why We Like It 401
    • Supporting Research 401
    • Common Core Connections 402
    • Application 402
    • Activities for the Last Few Months of School 402
    • Activities for the Last Few Days of School 405
    • Encouraging Summer Practice 407
    • Student Handouts and Examples 407
    • What Could Go Wrong? 408
    • Technology Connections 408
    • Attribution 409
    • Figures 409
    • Figure 42.1 Finishing Strong Goal Sheet 409
    • Figure 42.2 Lesson Plan 410
    • Figure 42.3 My Year Directions 412
    • Figure 42.4 Writing Improvement Rubric 413
    • Figure 42.5 Improvement Rubric Reflection Questions 414
  10. Beginning and Ending of Class 415
    • What Is It? 415
    • Why We Like It 415
    • Supporting Research 416
    • Common Core Connections 416
    • Application 416
    • Do-Now Activities 416
    • Closure Activities 419
    • What Could Go Wrong? 421
    • Technology Connections 421
    • Attribution 422
  11. Textbooks 423
    • What Is It? 423
    • Why We Like It 423
    • Supporting Research 424
    • Common Core Connections 424
    • Application 424
    • What Could Go Wrong? 426
    • Technology Connection 426
    • Attribution 426
  12. Using Technology 427
    • What Is It? 427
    • Why We Like It 427
    • Supporting Research 428
    • Common Core Connections 428
    • Application 428
    • Teaching Others 429
    • Independent Study 429
    • Homework 431
    • Learning to Type and Use the Keyboard 432
    • Student Handouts and Examples 432
    • What Could Go Wrong? 432
    • Technology Connections 433
    • Attribution 433
    • Figures 434
    • Figure 45.1 Student-Led Lesson Plan 434
    • Figure 45.2 Lesson Guide 435
    • Figure 45.3 Weekly Computer Independent Study Plan 436
    • Figure 45.4 Personalized Learning Weekly Test 437
    • Figure 45.5 Daily Computer Plan & Reflection 439

Appendix: English Language Arts Standards - Anchor Standards 441

  • College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading 441
  • College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Writing 443
  • College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Speaking and Listening 444
  • College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Language 445
  • Technological Connections: Web Resources 447

References 461

Index 499