Language Development - Pearson New International Edition 8th Ed: An Introduction

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Robert Owens

Language Development - Pearson New International Edition 8th Ed
516 pages
2013
ISBN: 9781292021225

A thorough and readable introductory text on language development, this book covers all aspects of the complex subject including syntax, morphology, semantics, phonology, and pragmatics while explaining each idea and concept in a way that is easily understandable by even beginning students of the field. Rich in pedagogical aids like discussion questions, chapter objectives, reflections, and main point boxed features, the eighth edition of Language Development also emphasises culturally and linguistically diverse children and bilingual and dialectical developmental information.

New to this edition:

  • Revised and streamlined content shortens the text by two chapters without losing any main ideas, vital information, or important concepts.
  • Updated information and research throughout the text makes certain that students are learning the most current information about language development.
  • A completely revised chapter on language development theories (Chapter 2) allows students to learn key concepts with a traditional approach.
  • Bilingual and dialectal development information distributed throughout the text helps students to recognise their growing importance in the United States.
  • Expanded appendices improves the readability of the body of the text while preserving the detailed background information included in the book.
  • Added emphasis on the constructionist perspective of language development teaches students about this fascinating and appealing viewpoint without completely relying on the theoretical framework.

Table of Contents

Preface

  • Chapter 1: The Territory

This Text and You

Speech Language and Communication

Speech

Language

Communication

Properties of Language

Language as a Social Tool

Language is a Rule Governed System

Language is Generative

Other Properties

Components of Language

Syntax

Morphology

Phonology

Semantics

Pragmatics

Relationship of Language Components

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 2: Describing Language

Linguistic Theory

Nature vs. Nurture

Language Research and Analysis

Issues in the Study of Child Language

Method of Data Collection

Sample Size and Variability

Naturalness and Representativeness of the Data

Collection Procedures

Analysis Procedures

Cross-Language Studies

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 3: Neurological Bases of Speech and Language

Central Nervous System

Hemispheric Asymmetry

Brain Maturation

Language Comprehension

Language Processing

Language Production

Models of Linguistic Processing

A Limited System and Executive Function

Theory of Mind

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 4: Cognitive, Perceptual, and Motor Bases of Early Language and Speech

Neurological Development

Early Cognitive Development

Sensation

Perception

Motor Control

Cognition

Cognition and Language Development

Learning

Role of the Caregiver

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 5: The Social and Communicative Bases of Early Language and Speech

Development of Communication: A Chronology

The Newborn

Socialization and Early Communication: Age Birth to 6 Months

Development of Intentionality: Age 7 to 12 Months

Maternal Communication Behaviors

Infant-Elicited Social Behavior

Cultural, Socioeconomic, and Gender Differences

Interactions Between Infants and Caregiver

Joint Reference

Joint Action

Turn-Taking

Situational Variations

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 6: Language-Learning and Teaching Processes and Young Children

Comprehension, Production, and Cognitive Growth

Cognition and Language

Less is More

Child Learning Strategies

Toddler Language-Learning Services

Preschool Language-Learning Services

Childrens Processes of Language Acquisition

Adult Conversational Teaching Techniques

Adult Speech to Toddlers

Adult Conversations with Preschoolers

Importance of Play

Variation on a Theme

Individual Child Differences

Cultural and Social DifferencesChapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 7: A First Word and Word Combinations in Toddler Talk

Single Word Utterances

Pragmatics

Initial Lexicons

Meaning of Single-Word Utterances

Early Multiword Combinations

Transition: Early Word Combinations

Multiword Utterances

Phonological Learning

Articulatory Maps

Single-Word Utterance Patterns

Phonological Processes

Learning Units and Extension

Individual Differences

Bilingualism

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 8: Preschool Pragmatic and Semantic Development

Preschool Department

Pragmatic Development

The Conversational Context

Narratives

Theory of Mind

Summary

Semantic Development

Relational Terms

Conclusion

Semantic and Pragmatic Influence on Syntactic Development

Semantics

Pragmatics

Language Development Differences and Delays

Language Development Differences

Language Development Delays

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 9: Preschool Development of Language Form

Semantic Syntactic Connection

Syntactic and Morphologic Development

Patterns in Preschool Language Development

Bound Morphemes

Determinants of Acquisition Order

Phrase Development

Sentence Development

Phonemic and Phonological Development

Speech-Sound Acquisition

Phonological Processes

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 10: Early School-Age Language Development

The Early School-Age Child

Pragmatic Development

Narratives

Conversational Abilities

Summary

Semantic Development

Vocabulary Growth

Conceptual Change

Related Cognitive Processing

Figurative Language

Syntactic and Morphologic Development

Morphologic Development

Noun- and Verb- Phrase Development

Sentence Types

Summary

Phonologic Development

Morphophonemic Development

Speech Production

Summary

Metalinguistic Abilities

Language Difference

Code Switching Development

African American English Speakers and Society

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 11: School-Age Literacy Development

The Process of Reading

Phonological Awareness

Comprehension

Reading Development

Emerging Literacy

Mature Literacy

The Process of Writing

Spelling

Writing Development

Emerging Literacy

Mature Literacy

Spelling

Text Generation and Executive Function

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

  • Chapter 12: Adolescent and Adult Language

Pragmatics

Speaking Styles

Conversational Abilities

Gender Differences

Semantics

Syntax and Morphology

Noun Phrases

Conjuncts and Disjuncts

Phonology

Literacy

Bilingualism

Conclusion

Chapter Conclusion

Chapter Discussion

Chapter Main Points

Chapter Reflections

Appendix A: American English Speech Sounds

Appendix B: major Racial and Ethnic Dialects of American English

Appendix C: Development Summary

Appendix D: Computing MLU

Appendix E: Background Grammar

Glossary

References

Author Index

Subject Index