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2nd Edition

Fundamentals of Literacy Instruction & Assessment, Pre-K-6

$160  Hardback
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Martha C Hougen, Susan M Smartt

  • Fundamentals of Literacy Instruction & Assessment, Pre-K-6

416 pages
Interest Age: 4 to 12
ISBN: 9781681253756

Listed by the National Council on Teacher Quality's 2020 Teacher Prep Review as one of 14 exemplary texts covering all five elements of effective reading instruction!

Understand the science of reading and how to implement evidence–based instruction to increase the reading and writing achievement of pre-K–6 students, including those at risk for reading difficulties. Fully revised and updated, this core text covers the research base for structured literacy instruction and practical guidance on the essential components of literacy instruction: oral language, phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, comprehension, handwriting, spelling, and writing.

Woven throughout this new edition are proven strategies for applying explicit, systematic instruction, including affirmative and corrective feedback, active engagement, effective practice, and ongoing assessment of student progress. Practical features such as instructional activities, scripted demonstrations of lessons, and online resources give readers explicit examples of how to translate the research into classroom instruction. Engaging, pragmatic, and accessible, this book is an essential text for pre service teacher candidates and a valuable resource for experienced teachers, teacher educators, administrators, and other professionals involved in teaching foundational literacy skills.

What's New:

  • New chapters focused on: assessment basics· standards to guide instruction · development of social-emotional skills and early language · advanced word study · English learners · supportive technology · role of reflection in planning instruction
  • Revised chapters on: foundational skills of literacy acquisition and instruction to develop phonological and phonemic awareness · basic phonics · beginning and advanced handwriting, spelling, composition, and strategic writing · fluency · vocabulary · comprehension · disciplinary literacy · integrated lesson plans
  • New features: Reflect boxes that encourage critical thought · multiple-choice Knowledge Assessment questions · revised Application Activities · vignettes, case studies, numbered text boxes, and sample activities and scripts
  • Updated information on: structured literacy · data-based decision making · MTSS · metacognitive awareness · formal and informal assessments to guide instruction · standards-based instruction including the Common Core State Standards and the Knowledge & Practice Standards for Teachers of Reading

Online Companion Materials:

  • Online Resource Appendix addressing each topic, PowerPoint slides for each chapter, an answer key for the Knowledge Assessment questions, sample lesson plans, and sample syllabi for teacher educators.

Table of Contents

About the Online Materials

About the Editors

About the Contributors



Section I - An Introduction to Literacy Instruction and Assessment

  1. Becoming an Effective Literacy Teacher - Martha C. Hougen
  2. Critical Components of Teaching Structured Reading -Martha C. Hougen and Susan M. Smartt
  3. Assessment Basics - Susan M. Smartt
  4. Using Standards to Guide Instruction - Karin K. Hess
  5. Foundational Skills for Literacy:Social-Emotional Skills and Language Development - Vicki Gibson

Section II - The Foundational Skills of Literacy Acquisition and Instruction

  1. Oral Language and Listening Skill Development in Early Childhood - Christie Cavanaugh
  2. Phonological Awareness:A Critical Foundation for Beginning Reading - Stephanie Al Otaiba, Miriam Ortiz, and Martha C. Hougen
  3. Basic Phonics - Carol Tolman, Martha C. Hougen, and Susan M. Smartt
  4. Advanced Word Study - Martha C. Hougen, Carol Tolman, and Susan M. Smartt
  5. Beginning Handwriting, Spelling, and Composition Instruction - Suzanne Carreker
  6. Fluency Instruction - Jan Hasbrouck and Martha C. Hougen
  7. A Comprehensive Approach to Vocabulary Development - Deborah K. Reed, Martha C. Hougen, and Susan M. Ebbers
  8. Comprehension Instruction:Grades K–3 - Darcy Dycha and Holly Tate Rocha
  9. Reading Comprehension Instruction:Grades 4–6 - Stephen Ciullo and Colleen Klein Reutebuch
  10. Disciplinary Literacy - Martha C. Hougen and Kristie Hotchkiss
  11. Strategic and Meaningful Writing Instruction - Joshua Wilson, Natalie G. Olinghouse, and Sally Valentino Drew

Section III - Instructional Considerations to Enhance Effective Literacy Instruction

  1. Literacy Instruction for English Learners - Elsa Cárdenas-Hagan
  2. Technology for Elementary Literacy Instruction - Elaine A. Cheesman

Moving Forward:The Role of Reflection in Planning Literacy Instruction - Heather Haynes Smith and Susanne James

Conclusion Ten Tips to Becoming an Effective Teacher - Martha C. Hougen and Susan M. Smartt


  • Appendix A What to Include in Your Tutoring Toolbox
  • Appendix B Directions for the Jigsaw Activity
  • Appendix C Lesson Plan Template
  • Appendix D List of Assessments, Screening, and Progress Monitoring Tools
  • Appendix E Directions for a Sticky Board




"More than twenty contributors to this comprehensive introductory resource offer broad coverage of the full range of relevant literacy instruction topics. This will be a widely used and often referenced text, aligned with current reading research."
- Louisa Moats, Ed.D., President, Moats Associates Consulting, Inc.

"A comprehensive, clear, highly practical resource based in the science of reading and writing. Its many new and enhanced features make this text a top choice for teachers and teacher educators interested in how to teach effectively using Structured Literacy methods."
- Louise Spear-Swerling, Ph.D., Professor Emerita, Southern Connecticut State University

"This treasure is a must read for all pre-service teachers! Hougen and Smartt bring together the science of reading and effective instruction and assessment from the perspective of reading scientists and educators."
- Marcia Henry, Ph.D., Author of Unlocking Literacy: Effective Decoding and Spelling Instruction; Past President, The International Dyslexia Association; Professor Emerita, San Jose State University

"Provides essential guidance to improve effective literacy instruction as informed by science. Elementary educators will find the strategies illustrated both necessary and urgent, particularly when addressing the needs of diverse learners."
- Steve Goodman, Ph.D., Director, Michigan’s Technical Assistance Center for Multi-Tiered System of Supports, Ottawa Area Intermediate School District

"Provides maximum impact in an easily consumable package. The content strongly aligns with the science of learning to read and write. This is an essential text for anyone looking to advance their practice in the areas of literacy instruction and assessment."
- Jennifer Throndsen, Ph.D., Director of Teaching and Learning, Utah State Board of Education

"Packed with exactly the information teachers and tutors need to design and implement scientifically based practices for students with reading difficulties. What is so extraordinary about this book is the clearly stated information with specific examples and applications. Required reading for all reading teachers and tutors."
- Sharon Vaughn, Ph.D.

"Should be required reading for all professionals involved in improving literacy skills of our children…an essential volume in reading/literacy courses in the colleges of education."
- R. Joshi, Ph.D., Texas A & M University College Station; Editor, Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal; Fellow, American Educational Research Association

"This comprehensive text provides a strong, research-based foundation in all five components of effective reading instruction (phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension), supplying teachers with accurate information about reading development and promoting science-based instructional practices. The second edition includes new chapters covering topics such as technology use in early literacy instruction and supports for English language learners."
- National Council on Teacher Quality