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Phonological Awareness

astronaut invented spelling test (aist-2)

Astronaut Invented Spelling Test (AIST-2)


A test of phonemic awareness & early development of spelling patterns knowledge, suitab...

equipped for reading success

Equipped for Reading Success


David Kilpatrick's practical program brings the science and research of correcting read...

foundations of early literacy assessment (fela)

Foundations of Early Literacy Assessment (FELA)


Assesses two of the foundational skills that enable young students to benefit from earl...

intensive phonological awareness (ipa) program

Intensive Phonological Awareness (IPA) Program


Theoretically grounded, comprehensive lesson plans & recommended stimuli for developmen...

phonological awareness

Phonological Awareness


Evidence-based strategies described for enhancing all learners' phonological awareness ...

school entry alphabetic and phonological awareness readiness test (seapart)

School Entry Alphabetic and Phonological Awareness Readin...


Individual, criterion-referenced test for children just before/after school entry

sutherland phonological awareness test, revised (spat-r)

Sutherland Phonological Awareness Test, Revised (SPAT-R)


A concise, individually-administered test that provides a diagnostic overview of the ph...

Phonological Awareness

Phonological awareness is a broad skill that includes identifying and manipulating units of oral language – parts such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes. Children who have phonological awareness are able to identify and make oral rhymes, can clap out the number of syllables in a word, and can recognize words with the same initial sounds like 'money' and 'mother.'

Phonemic awareness refers to the specific ability to focus on and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. Phonemes are the smallest units comprising spoken language. Phonemes combine to form syllables and words. For example, the word 'mat' has three phonemes: /m/ /a/ /t/. There are 44 phonemes in the English language, including sounds represented by letter combinations such as /th/. Acquiring phonemic awareness is important because it is the foundation for spelling and word recognition skills. Phonemic awareness is one of the best predictors of how well children will learn to read during the first two years of school instruction.

Students at risk for reading difficulty often have lower levels of phonological awareness and phonemic awareness than do their classmates. The good news is that phonemic awareness and phonological awareness can be developed through a number of activities. Read below for more information.

Source: https://www.readingrockets.org/helping/target/phonologicalphonemic